# Forces and Elasticity

All | Design & Technology | Physics | Science | 11-16

## Learning Objectives

• We are learning about how forces affect materials.

Skills focus – working scientifically:

• Problem solving
• Select, plan, and carry out an appropriate scientific enquiry

## Lesson Description

In this lesson we ask, “What happens when materials aren’t strong enough?”

The resource includes: a video introduction to forces and their importance to INEOS TEAM UK, a comprehensive editable teacher PowerPoint presentation, including teaching notes and a student planed practical investigation. In the practical, students explore flexion in different materials. They then use their results to make an informed decision about which materials they would recommend for a racing boat hull.

This lesson is one in a series of five exploring forces through practical investigations linked to the real-life exciting context of the British America’s Cup Team.

Each lesson focuses on a series of key questions and is aimed at the knowledge and skills requirements of KS3 science; it also has relevance for both Engineering and Design Technology students at KS4.

## Rating

(5)

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1.Video

What happens when things aren’t strong enough? This short video introduces students to the importance of measuring, and understanding how forces act upon an object in the real-life context of the America’s Cup, to maximising the performance of a cutting edge sailing boat capable of travelling at more than 60mph.

2.Forces Lesson 1 Video Transcript
3.Teaching presentation Editable teacher PowerPoint presentation and student investigation using the context of INEOS TEAM UK’s cutting edge race boat and archives from the Lloyd's Register Foundation, to examine how forces act on an object affect different materials.

Motion and Forces

Describing motion

• Speed and the quantitative relationship between average speed, distance and time (speed = distance ÷ time)
• The representation of a journey on a distance-time graph

Forces

• Forces as pushes or pulls, arising from the interaction between 2 objects
• Using force arrows in diagrams, adding forces in 1 dimension, balanced and unbalanced forces
• Moment as the turning effect of a force
• Forces: associated with deforming objects; stretching and squashing – springs; with rubbing and friction between surfaces, with pushing things out of the way; resistance to motion of air and water
• Forces measured in newtons, measurements of stretch or compression as force is changed

Pressure in fluids

• Pressure in liquids, increasing with depth; upthrust effects, floating and sinking

Balanced forces

• Opposing forces and equilibrium: weight held by stretched spring or supported on a compressed surface

Forces and motion

• Forces being needed to cause objects to stop or start moving, or to change their speed or direction of motion (qualitative only)
• Change depending on direction of force and its size

Forces: developing an understanding of how forces can change the shape or motion of an object and the forces acting on it, and developing an understanding of the concept of buoyancy, force, and density.

Working scientifically

• Through the content across all five lessons students will develop:

Scientific attitudes

• Pay attention to objectivity and concern for accuracy, precision, repeatability and reproducibility
• Evaluate risks

Experimental skills and investigations

• Ask questions and develop a line of enquiry based on observations of the real world, alongside prior knowledge and experience
• Make predictions using scientific knowledge and understanding
• Select, plan, and carry out the most appropriate types of scientific enquiries to test predictions, including identifying independent, dependent, and control variables where appropriate
• Use appropriate techniques, apparatus, and materials during laboratory work, paying attention to health and safety
• Make and record observations and measurements using a range of methods for different investigations; and evaluate the reliability of methods and suggest possible improvements

Analysis and evaluation

• Apply mathematical concepts and calculate results
• Present observations and data using appropriate methods, including tables and graphs
• Interpret observations and data, including identifying patterns and using observations, measurements, and data to draw conclusions
• Present reasoned explanations, including explaining data in relation to predictions and hypotheses
• Evaluate data, showing awareness of potential sources of random and systematic error
• Identify further questions arising from their results

### Subject

All, Design & Technology, Physics, Science

11-16

### Resource For

Students, Teachers

### Type

Film, Presentation, Teacher Presentation, Teachers' notes

Forces